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Literary Activities

My Mom

My mom is my superhero

She is my first teacher and best friend

She is always by my side

She is everything

She is beautiful no matter what she looks like

She supports me when I am nervous

She is special for my heart

She is the love of my lifeheart


Smarika Shrestha

Class: 3 'Lily'

Roll no: 5


The divinity of you

Thy grace;

I can believe the beliefs

I can think on the thoughts,

What a creation!

Oh! Lord

Thy grace!

I can embrace the life;

Living it to learn and love;

To appreciate the existence;

From a playful fawn to delighted dove;

I wonder the wonders…

I ponder the wonderful,

Thy love to me;

Oh lord!

You have been a blissful attire

I possess always,

The vibrations you offer

To me, like…

The oasis in a desert

A foster to an orphan

I can feel the sorrow,

I can applaud the success

Oh lord!

Thy grace,

I believed the beliefs

I thought the thoughts;

What a creation,

Mine existence;

Oh! Lord

Thy grace.


Saroj Khanal

Secondary teacher

Sarbanam Shikshyalaya

Intellectual Disability


The term or name for condition we know today as intellectual disability has changed over a time. Most recently, the condition was primarily known as mental retardation. American Association on Intellectual and Development Disabilities (AAIDD) is proud to have been a leader in the adoption of the term intellectual disability in the clinical, scholarly, public policy and education arenas. The terminology describing what are now called developmental disabilities or intellectual disabilities has typically changed once or twice each generation. The construct of intellectual disability diverged from the genetic idea of mental illness sometime prior to the thirteen century. The term "retarded" seems to have first occurred in the work of Ayres. Sometimes labels have been idiosyncratic, developed by administrators or professionals to suit their own unique circumstances or time. Despite modern efforts to escape the limitations of labelling, labels have made life difficult for many people with intellectual disabilities.


Present Context of Nepal

In Nepal, the estimates of the prevalence of disabilities vary, and there is sparse information specifically about people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Existing data suggest higher rates of prevalence of ID in more remote northern area due to use of non-iodized salt, lack of healthy facilities, irresponsible parenthood and extreme poverty. Superstitions belief about the causes of ID are widespread. The most recent government plans addressing the situation of Nepalese people with disabilities endorse more robust dates, co-ordination of ministries, allowance at local level, free education and establishment of treatment centers. The government has also endorsed a policy of inclusive education: reports suggest that many children with ID have been integrated into mainstream schools. Many non-government and government organizations have adopted community-based rehabilitation as the leading model of intervention in the disability sector. In Nepal, the longevity of people with intellectual disability (ID) has increased during recent decades due to improvements in nutrition, sanitary conditions and health services. The people chosen for inclusion, five women and four men, were the two or three older person with ID within several catchment areas in the country. The findings were that the family is the prime resource for support for older people with ID that the family's attitude plays a central role for the use of existing service provision, and the most parents of people with ID have made no plans for the future situation of their adult children. Special services for older people with ID, as such are not available in Nepal. Service structures do exist for children and adolescents with ID, although these services do not meet the demand and are not yet anticipating an adult or ageing client population.


Kiran Chudal
Secondary teacher

Sarbanam Shikshyalaya