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Tej Kumar Shrestha



Tej Kumar Shrestha


(1948-02-11) February 11, 1948 (age 65)








Central Department of Zoology. Tribhuvan University

Alma mater

Tribhuvan University, Bhopal University (Barkatullah University)

Doctoral advisor

Ph.D- Professor S.S. Khanna, D.Sc. - Professor B.S. Chauhan and Professor D.K. Belsare

Known for

Ganges River Dolphin, Mahseer, Spiny babbler, Himalayan Newt, Birds of Nepal

Notable awards

Received Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) Award on "Biological Sciences" from Trieste, Italy (1988)


Tej Kumar Shrestha (born February 11, 1948) is a Nepalese naturalist, best known Nepalese Zoologist. He studied initially at the Tribhuvan University in Nepal. He was awarded Ph.D. in 1976 and subsequently worked at the Barkatullah University (Bhopal University)in India for D.Sc. degree, which was awarded in 1994. Dr. Shrestha is founder secretary of Zoological Society of Nepal. He is also a founder member of Bird Watching Club of Nepal and has been closely associated with wildlife conservation movement of the country for over last three decades. Dr. Shrestha has extensively travelled around Himalayan passes, mountains, rivers and forests of Nepal.

He has written many books, including Wildlife of Nepal (1981) and his bestselling book Ichthyology of Nepal (2008) about fishes of Nepal.

Biography shrestha was born in Baglung, Dhaulagiri, on February 11, 1948, to the son of a businessman, named Pashupati Shrestha, and Chandra Kumari Shrestha. Shrestha was fascinated with fishes and bird watching, a hobby he shared with his father and grand father Bhakti Lal Shrestha. He has contributed scientific papers and articles on wildlife ecology and behaviour in national and international journals. His popular articles have appeared on radio and TV in Nepal and abroad. He is author of sixteen books on wildlife and natural resources including "Wildlife of Nepal". He serves IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) as a member in different specialist groups.

Awards and decorations


  • Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) Award from Trieste, Italy, 1988 .
  • Sir Dorab Tata Gold Medal, from Zoological Society of India (1998)
  • Dr. B.S. Chauhan Gold Medal, from Zoological Society of India (2005)



At Tribhuvan University, starting in 1970, Shrestha achieved a series of academic promotions from Lecturer, to Associate Professor to full Professor of Zoology. Shrestha served Nepal Academy of Science and Technology 1987-1990.

Honorary affiliations


  • Barkatullah University, India
  • University of Tripura, India



Subodh Das

Subodh K. Das

Subodh Kumar Das (born 19 June 1947) is a scientist, engineer, and inventor, largely renowned for his work in the aluminum industry. He is the founder and CEO of Phinix, LLC, an international consulting firm serving the aluminum industry. Previously, Das has served on the boards of The Aluminum Association, SECAT, Inc., and the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society. The American Society of Metals elected him as ASM Fellow in 2002  The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society also awarded Das its prestigious Distinguished Service Award in 2001. He was also awarded the JOM Best Paper Award in 2011.

Early life

Subodh was born and grew up close to the Nepalese border in small villages and towns of north-eastern province of Bihar in India. He came to the United States in 1971.


Das has attended a number of institutions throughout his career. He received his Bachelors of Science in 1968, from the Bihar Institute of Technology (now known as the Birsa Institute of Technology, Sindri), in Jharkhand, India. In 1972, he received his Masters in Technology, with a focus in metallurgical engineering, from the Indian Institute of Technology, in Kanpur, India In 1974, he received his Ph. D. in metallurgical engineering from the University of Michigan. In 1982, he received his MBA, with a focus on corporate planning, from the University of Pittsburgh.



Das’ career began in 1974, when he started working for the Aluminum Company of America (ALCOA), in PittsburghDas served as a research scientist, developing new aluminum smelting and carbon electrode technologies. Das would eventually obtain 20 U.S. patents for ALCOA.


Throughout the 80s and 90s, Das served as the VP of Technology and Quality for ARCO Aluminum, Inc. in Louisville, Kentucky. Das was involved in various projects, including the manufacturing aspects of alumina refineries, qualifying an aluminum rolling plant (Logan Aluminum in Kentucky, USA), and developing and commercializing ARCO Aluminum’s can sheet business. Das’ efforts in the region led to the product development, customer qualification, and market commercialization of aluminum beverage can sheet products produced from the Logan Aluminum mill, the world’s largest can-sheet mill.

University of Kentucky

Das worked as an adjunct professor for the University of Kentucky from 2004-2008. During his tenure in Lexington, he launched a number of projects, including SECAT, Inc., UK’s Center for Aluminum Technology, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation’s Sloan Industry Center for Sustainable Aluminum Industry (CSAI).


In the August 1999, Das established SECAT, Inc., a commercial technical research firm whose work focuses primarily on the aluminum industry. According to the SECAT company website, the company currently employs "Over 17,000 men and women...in more than 142 aluminum industry facilities in the state". The company has also provided opportunities to University of Kentucky students, "providing scholarship and assistantship opportunities, as well as summer and full time employment, to promising students".[ Das served as SECAT president and CEO from 1999 through 2008.


The same year he founded SECAT, Das also established the University of Kentucky’s Center for Aluminum Technology, a research center dedicated to conducting basic and applied research for the global aluminum industry. Das served as center director from 1999 to 2008.[

The Sloan Foundation

In 2005, while working with the University of Kentucky's Gatton College of Business and Economics, Das founded the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation’s Sloan Industry Center for Sustainable Aluminum Industry (CSAI). The center primarily worked on the business and technology aspects of analyzing, devising implementable strategies and promoting aluminum recycling and enhancing recycling rates for all industrial sectors. Das served as CSAI’s executive director from 2005-2008.

Phinix, LLC

In 2008, Das founded Phinix, LLC., an international consulting firm serving the aluminum industry. Phinix also provides services in the areas of the renewable energy project developments for agricultural methane and waste to energy from municipal solid waste and carbon management services to cities, states, and countries. Das is the current CEO of the company.

In 2013, Phinix LLC published Sustainability Gone Postal, a 15-part guide to green living, based on the United States Postal Service Go Green Stamp Collection.

On September 19th, 2013, Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy awarded Phinix a grant to develop a new electrochemical cell technology that can recover high-quality magnesium from aluminum- magnesium scrap.  Following the APRA-E announcement, Congressman Andy Barr congratulated Das for Phinix' success, "I congratulate Phinix, LLC as it is announced that the company’s innovative metal recycling project will receive funding from ARPA-E following a competitive review process...Phinix’s presence in Lexington, established following Dr. Subodh Das’s tenure at the University of Kentucky, demonstrates the important role of the Commonwealth’s university system in providing an educated workforce for the industries of the future."


Das has published over 45 papers and has edited 6 books in the areas of aluminum processes, product development, and recycling. Das has signed a contract with John Wiley & Sons, Inc. to publish a book titled, Carbon Management For The Global Metals Industry. The book, scheduled to be published in 2015, addresses the current methods being currently used and suggests new ways to mitigate the carbon footprint.


Binil Aryal

Dr. Binil Aryal is the Associate Professor at the Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. He was Born in 1969-09-28 in Saptari District of Eastern Nepal. He is one of the actively working astrophysicist of Nepal.

He has been working in the field of Galaxy orientation and Evolution.

He did his PhD and the post Doctorate from Institute of Astrophysics, Innsbruck University, Austria in 2002 and 2005 respectively.







Archimedes of Syracuse




Archimedes Thoughtful  (1620)


c. 287 BC
Syracuse, Sicily
Magna Graecia


c. 212 BC (aged around 75)


Syracuse, Sicily



Known for

Archimedes' principle
Archimedes' screw


Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: á¼ρχιμήδης; c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.[1] Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever. He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. Modern experiments have tested claims that Archimedes designed machines capable of lifting attacking ships out of the water and setting ships on fire using an array of mirrors.

Archimedes is generally considered to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. He used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series, and gave a remarkably accurate approximation of pi. He also defined the spiral bearing his name, formulae for the volumes of solids of revolution, and an ingenious system for expressing very large numbers.

Archimedes died during the Siege of Syracuse when he was killed by a Roman soldier despite orders that he should not be harmed. Cicero describes visiting the tomb of Archimedes, which was surmounted by a sphere inscribed within a cylinder. Archimedes had proven that the sphere has two thirds of the volume and surface area of the cylinder (including the bases of the latter), and regarded this as the greatest of his mathematical achievements.

Unlike his inventions, the mathematical writings of Archimedes were little known in antiquity. Mathematicians from Alexandria read and quoted him, but the first comprehensive compilation was not made until c. 530 AD by Isidore of Miletus, while commentaries on the works of Archimedes written by Eutocius in the sixth century AD opened them to wider readership for the first time. The relatively few copies of Archimedes' written work that survived through the Middle Ages were an influential source of ideas for scientists during the Renaissance,[6] while the discovery in 1906 of previously unknown works by Archimedes in the Archimedes Palimpsest has provided new insights into how he obtained mathematical results.






This bronze statue of Archimedes is at the Archenhold Observatory in Berlin. It was sculpted by Gerhard Thieme and unveiled in 1972.

Archimedes was born c. 287 BC in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily, at that time a self-governing colony in Magna Graecia, located along the coast of Southern Italy. The date of birth is based on a statement by the Byzantine Greek historian John Tzetzes that Archimedes lived for 75 years.[8] In The Sand Reckoner, Archimedes gives his father's name as Phidias, an astronomer about whom nothing is known. Plutarch wrote in his Parallel Lives that Archimedes was related to King Hiero II, the ruler of Syracuse.[9] A biography of Archimedes was written by his friend Heracleides but this work has been lost, leaving the details of his life obscure.[10] It is unknown, for instance, whether he ever married or had children. During his youth, Archimedes may have studied in Alexandria, Egypt, where Conon of